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Ritalin Treatment Centers

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What is Ritalin?

  • What is the Extent of Ritalin Use?

    Methylphenidate, most often referred to as Ritalin, is a psychomotor-stimulant similar to many amphetamines. When using this drug, it affects the central nervous system. Recently, CNS stimulants have been used to treat ADD/ADHD in children, teens, and adults. Research shows it also works for narcolepsy patients. Ritalin is just one popular brand of the chemical compound, methylphenidate. Extended-release options of the drug are sold as Metadate ER, Ritalin SR, Concerta, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, and Methylin ER.

    As Ritalin stimulates the central nervous system, it often improves short term memory and speeds up the completion of many mundane and monotonous tasks. The drug’s effects are less robust than amphetamines but more powerful than caffeine. Ritalin has a remarkably calming effect on hyperactive children and an enhanced “concentrating” effect on those with ADHD. When prescribed correctly, Ritalin is a valuable medicine. Research conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health has shown that people with ADHD do not get physically addicted to their medications if within appropriate treatment dosages. With Ritalin’s stimulant characteristics, in recent years, there have been reports of its abuse by non-ADHD people. They use the medication without a prescription. These prescribed tablets can have a powerful stimulating effect; but, serious health risks may occur when it’s snorted like cocaine. Injection can be lethal as some pills contain insoluble fibers.

  • What is the Scientific Name of Ritalin?

  • What is the Chemical Formula of Ritalin?


What is the Origin of Ritalin?

The Ritalin formula was initially synthesized in 1944. Methylphenidate (MPH) was improved in 1950, and by 1954 the drug had clinical trials on humans. In 1957, Ciba Pharmaceuticals began promoting MPH as Ritalin to combat chronic fatigue, narcolepsy, depression, psychosis associated with depression, and to offset the anaesthetizing effects of other medications. Rehab centers in the 1960s tried to counteract the symptoms of barbiturate overdose with Ritalin. For a short time, MPH was packaged with other products. Some sampler packs included a boost of MPH, hormones and vitamins, advertised as Ritonic in 1960s. The intended side effects were to increase vitality and prevent mood swings.

Research on the therapeutic significance of Ritalin started in the 1950s. During the 1960s, psychiatry research concentrated on it treating "hyperkinetic syndrome." This syndrome would eventually be changed to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In the United States, the use of Ritalin and other prescription stimulants to help ADHD cases steadily rose in the 70s and early 80s. Between 1991 and 1999, Ritalin sales in the United States increased by 500 percent. The United Nations reports that the US produces and consumes approximately 85 percent of the world’s total Ritalin supply.

Ritalin is a Schedule II Drug.

What are the Common Street Names of Ritalin?

  • Kibbles and Bits
  • Diet Coke
  • Smarties
  • Vitamin R
  • Vitamin R
  • R-Ball
  • Skittles
  • Rids
  • Pineapple
  • Poor Man’s Cocaine
  • Kiddie Cocaine
  • Kiddie Coke
  • West Coast

How is Ritalin Used?

Children new to Ritalin should take 5mg for the first few weeks. If they have trouble with pills, flavored liquid syrups are also made. 10-15mg doses normally work on adolescents and adults. When people take the maximum dose of 20mg, experts say that raised the dose over this limit does very little. Addicts who abuse Ritalin amplify the stimulating-euphoric high by crushing the pills into a powder and snorting it. Dissolving it in water for intravenous injection is lethal.

How Long Does Ritalin Stay in Your System?

A correct dose of Ritalin normally peaks around 4-5 hours. Extended release prescriptions can last up to eight hours. After using Ritalin, the drug stays in your system for about one to two days. It is detectable in saliva for another one to two days as well. Hair Follicle testing can identify Methylphenidate for approximately 90 days after use.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Ritalin Use?

  • What are the Short-Term Effects of Ritalin Use on the Body?

    • Dizziness
    • Seizures (Followed by Coma)
    • Increased Blood Pressure
    • Increased Pulse Rate
    • Impairment of Voluntary Movement
    • Insomnia
    • Formication (Sensation of Bugs or Worms Crawling under the Skin)
    • Vomiting
    • Flushing
    • Wakefulness
    • Excessive Repetition of Movements
    • Itching
    • Dry Mouth
    • Vomiting
    • Heightened Alertness
    • Skin Rash
    • Nausea
    • Hallucinations
    • Excessive Repetition of Meaningless Tasks
    • Muscle Twitching
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Drug Dependency Syndrome
    • Drowsiness
    • Delirium
    • Irregular or Rapid Heartbeat
    • Appetite Suppression
    • Dilation of Pupils
    • Abdominal Pain
    • Nervousness
    • Sweating
    • Palpitation
    • Euphoria
  • What are the Short-Term Effects of Ritalin Use on Behavior?

    • Confusion
    • Anxiety
    • Excitation
    • Agitation
    • Restlessness
    • Toxic Psychosis
    • Exhilaration
    • Paranoia
    • Severe Depression

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Long-Term Ritalin Addiction?

  • What are the Long-Term Effects of Ritalin Use on the Body?

    • Loss of Appetite
    • Convulsion
    • Lesion of Tissues on Injection Site
    • Sleeplessness
    • Muscle Twitching
    • Excessive Repetition of Meaningless Tasks
    • Hallucination
    • Irregular Heartbeat
    • Delusion
    • Restlessness
    • Fevers
    • Excessive Repetition of Movement
    • Irregular Respiration
    • Tremors
    • Headache (may be Severe)
  • What are the Long-Term Effects of Ritalin Use on Behavior?

    • Panic and Anxiety
    • Crippling States of Paranoia (Resembling Acute Paranoid Schizophrenia)

How to diagnose if you are Addicted to Ritalin?

When someone abuses Ritalin, they show visible signs of being under the influence of Methylphenidate or other amphetamine-like stimulants. Several clear indicators can help evaluate if someone has a Ritalin or stimulant dependency: there are both physically and psychologically signs. Here are a few symptoms below:
  • Pupil Dilation
  • Skin Rashes
  • Severe Headache
  • Cardiac Arrhythmia
  • Hearing Voices
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Visual Hallucinations
  • Tachycardia (Rapid Resting Heart Rate)
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Lack of Appetite
  • Stunted Growth
  • Rapid Weight Loss
  • Paranoid Delusions
  • Malnutrition
  • Angina (Chest Pain)
  • Euphoria
  • Urges to Harm Oneself
  • Increased Aggression

What are the Withdrawal Effects of Ritalin?

  • Irritability
  • Detachment from Reality
  • Violent Behavior
  • Depression
  • Irregular Heart Rhythms
  • Cravings for Ritalin
  • Disturbed Sleep Patterns
  • Extreme Fatigue
  • Feeling of Panic (if Drugs become Temporarily Unavailable)

How is Ritalin Addiction Treated?

Ritalin is habit-forming if routinely taken for recreational purposes. Consequently, breaking free from methylphenidate entails enrollment in rehab treatment programs. This may include in-depth, on-site treatment. In residential housing and rehab facilities, or at outpatient program with routine drug-addiction counseling sessions: addiction doesn’t have a fighting chance. By looking at each Ritalin abuse case individually, rehab administrators can determine the severity of the patient’s addiction. Other background factors dealing with the patient’s social situation are also studied. Ritalin-Detoxification with the care and expertise of physicians could go on for one week or more. The frequently occurring withdrawal symptoms that Ritalin abusers exhibit are: panic and anxiety, insomnia, and intense cravings for methylphenidate. Medications may be administered during detox to alleviate these unpleasant symptoms and reduce patient suffering. Anti-anxiety medications, anti-depressants, and anti-hypertensive drugs could be used during routine Ritalin detoxes. Ritalin users sometimes receive multivitamins and other macronutrient health supplements because they have no appetite: not eating could lead to severe malnourishment. A clean diet is important in the addiction recovery process.

The Ritalin withdrawal process may trigger suicidal tendencies for some serious drug abusers. All stimulant patients are closely watched by orderlies and nurses during their critical cleansing phase. Some centers restrict visitor privileges and confine the addict to the drug rehab center. Throughout the whole rehab program, the addict must have routine urine drug tests to guarantee he or she has stopped taking drugs. An average of three months minimum of residential drug therapy yields the best-Ritalin-rehab success rates.

As soon as Ritalin detox has finished, counseling and therapy should quickly begin. This smooth transition will prevent the addict from returning to his or her drug use. Confidential and individual therapy will tackle the fundamental psychological problems that galvanize addictive behavior. Recovery patients need to question why they use Ritalin. These root causes could consist of pressure to perform academically, dysfunctional family issues, or peer-pressure. Group sessions with other rehab patients can help people form a bond and build helpful support networks. With a community or coalition, people talk about their past experiences. Some members can chime in and offer support to one another. These groups work in conjunction with private counseling. For some patients, the immediate family and significant others are included in the therapy sessions. Many Ritalin recovering addicts enroll in post-rehab support programs. These programs should hold regular gatherings: these groups make it possible to get support after rehab. Throughout their daily lives, things like a twelve step group become invaluable.

As Ritalin is widespread and easy to obtain, most Ritalin addicts are taught to fight off temptations successfully. These strategies role-play specific situations unique to the patient’s needs, have the drug available for him or her, and fights using the drug again. Without a comprehensive drug rehab treatment program, any addict who tries to quit Ritalin individually has a higher likelihood of going back to Ritalin. Compare that process to patients that get professional drug rehab: those people make long-term lifestyle changes. Chronic Ritalin abuse may permanently change brain functions. With a psychiatrist, medications help repair the damage caused by drugs. Statistics show that a high relapse rates with Ritalin addiction; an addict may need more than one course of detox and rehab treatments before living an addiction and drug-free live.

What is the Extent of Ritalin Use?

According a US 2007 drug study, three to four percent of sixteen and seventeen year olds have used Ritalin without a proper prescription. Additionally in some regions of US, the number of prescriptions issued for psychomotor-stimulants, including Ritalin, increased from approximately five million (1991) to roughly 35 million (2007). In sixteen years, seven times the amount of Americans pops Ritalin pills. Perhaps, the problem starts at school. Education-experts estimate that some schools in the USA have upwards of 20-30% of their student-body regularly taking Ritalin. Ritalin use and overdose was responsible for about 3,600 hospital emergency room visits in 2004. Compare this increase to the data from 1990: 271 cases. Out of all the countries worldwide, the United States continues to have the highest diagnosis rates for ADHD and the prescription of Ritalin. Conservative estimates predict that one to two million US children take Ritalin every day. The consumption of Ritalin in the US is five times higher than the rest of the world’s combined intake.

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