What is PCP?
Description of PCP?
Phencyclidine (PCP) was created in laboratories. It was initially intended to be a broad-spectrum intravenous anesthetic. After many human clinical trials, it was concluded that the drug had surprising dissociative properties. PCP’s dissociative effects include sensations of weightlessness. Higher doses amplify these detachments: the user gets visions of going beyond the surrounding environment and outside one’s self. When in pure concentrations, PCP is white. The crystalline powder dissolves quickly into water or alcohol. PCP is often transported in liquid forms: it is clear, yellow, or tan. Discoloration indicates that the compound maybe mixed with other impure contaminants. PCP is also mixed with other chemicals to produce attractive colors.
Common cutting ingredients include paracetamol, ketamine, aspirin, and ephedrine. As the strength of the PCP varies, the drug’s effects are very unpredictable. As users often hallucination, have amnesia, of black out: many drug users stay away from PCP after one experience.
What is the Scientific Name of PCP?
- Phenylcyclohexyl Piperidine Hydrochloride
What is the Chemical Formula of PCP?C17H25N
What is the Origin of PCP?
Phencyclidine was first made in laboratories in the late-1940s. PCP, also called "The Peace Pill," was established by Parke, Davis and Company with the brand name Sernyl. Initially, the drug was used as a human anesthetic. In the 1960s, after many clinical trials, twenty to thirty percent of patients exhibited visually-real hallucinations, delirium, and dangerous levels of agitation. Subsequently, the drug became used only in veterinary applications as a sedative or tranquilizer. By 1965, the drugs got sold on the streets of San Francisco where young drug-driven hippies were seeking the next big high. They only experienced delusions, severe anxiety, and extreme nervousness after surviving the drug's effects. PCP abuse spread in the 1970s and peaked several years later. Snorting or smoking the powdered form of Phencyclidine (PCP) became increasingly popular. Drug users kept pushing the edge for intense euphoric highs. Today, even veterinarian use of PCP is quite uncommon. Despite this, small amounts continue to be produced for research purposes.
What is the Legal Status of PCP in the US?
PCP is a Schedule II Drug.
What are the Common Street Names of PCP?
- Peace Pills
- Super Grass
- Animal Trank
- Rocket Fuel
- Sherm Sticks
- Angel Dust
- Embalming Fluid
- Killer Weed
How is PCP Used?
PCP can be dried into a powder and ingested orally. It could also be snorted. In liquid form it can be smoked using common herbs like mint or sage. Users dip tobacco cigarettes or marijuana blunts into liquid PCP and light them up. PCP can be cut into pills or put in capsules and swallowed. Injection of PCP appears to be less popular.
How Long Does PCP Stay in Your System?
When in powder form, it can be taken intranasally or sprayed onto marijuana, parsley, or mint, and smoked. The effects are felt immediately within the first one to five minutes and last about four to six hours. When ingested orally, the high is triggered in about 30 to 60 minutes and peaks after an hour. The over experience lasts 6 to 24 hours. Most users feel normal again after 48 hours.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term PCP Use?
What are the Short-Term Effects of PCP Use on the Body?
- Abnormally Low Blood Pressure
- Slow, Shallow, and Irregular Breathing
- Dissociations with the Surrounding Environment
- Feeling of Weightlessness
- Visual hallucinations
- Involuntary Pupil Movement
- Painful Reactions to Sound
- Muscular Rigidity
- Auditory Hallucinations
- Diminished Proprioception
- Blurred Vision
- Other Sensory Distortions
- Stupor or Coma
- High Pain Thresholds
- Difficulty Forming Coherent Thoughts
- Sweating Alternating with Chills and Shivering
- Relaxation or Drowsiness
- Increased Body Temperature
- Speech Disturbances
- Inability to Concentrate
- Blank Staring
- Distorted Sense of Space
- Impaired Motor Functions
- Irregular Heartbeat
- Distorted Sense of one’s Body
- Blurred Sense of Time
- Lost Sense of Reality
What are the Short-Term Effects of PCP Use on Behavior?
- Grandiose Delusions
- Paranoid Thoughts
- Mild to Intense Euphoria
- Overwhelming Fear of Imminent Death
- Intense Feelings of Alienation
- Obsession with Trivial Matters
- Bizarre or Hostile Behavior
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Long-Term PCP Addiction?
What are the Long-Term Effects of PCP Use on the Body?
- Social Withdrawal
- Severe Depression (Possibly Leading to Suicide Attempts)
- Social Isolation
- ‘Flashbacks’ (Similar to those Experienced by Chronic LSD Users)
- ‘Runs’ – Chronic users may binge on PCP, taking it repeatedly in 2 or 3 day stretches. Without eating or sleeping, followed by a period of sleep, these runs may occur as often as four times in a single month.
- Auditory Hallucinations
- Impaired Memory
- Chronic and Severe Anxiety
- Inability to Articulate or Inability to speak at all
- Delusional Thinking
What are the Long-Term Effects of PCP Use on Behavior?
- Antagonistic Behavior
- Extreme Paranoia
How to diagnose if you are Addicted to PCP?
- Signs that a person might be using PCP:
- Aggressive or Violent Behavior
- Withdrawing from Family
- Unusual Posture
- Decrease in Co-ordination
- Trouble with the Law
- Unpredictable behavior
- Decrease in School or Work Performance
- Inability to Communicate
- Dilated Pupils
- Blank Stares
- Decrease in Sensory Perception
- Withdrawing from Friends
What are the Withdrawal Effects of PCP?
- Loss of Appetite
- Difficulty Sleeping, Insomnia
How is PCP Addiction Treated?
PCP addiction is unpredictable and dangerous. Before starting the rehab process, an addict should speak with a rehab coordinator: this will give the addict the best opportunity at successfully beating PCP addiction and reducing future relapses. PCP can cause significant and permanent psychological harm. As a result, PCP users should be carefully monitored when in rehab. This will ensure that recovering PCP addicts don’t harm themselves or other patients. Many overdosed PCP addicts have increased chances of suicide or developing schizophrenia, and require suicide watch. A doctor may also want to treat the after effects of PCP and then address the withdrawal symptoms, including nausea and insomnia. Most sources claim that PCP is not chemically addictive. Regardless, many rehab professionals write about PCP’s extremely psychologically addictive nature. The most effective strategy for getting off PCP is to quit taking it immediately. Since PCP can stay in a person’s system for a week or longer, recovering addicts are strongly advised to seek out professional medical assistance. Detox specialists can provide the best start for comprehensive rehab treatment strategies.
Stop engaging in behaviors or situations that promote PCP use. Psychological side effects such as short-term memory loss, muddled and unclear cognitive function and depression can last as long as one year after quitting the drug. During detox, phenothiazine or haloperidol could be prescribed as antipsychotics to stabilized psychological withdrawal symptoms. Considering the fairly prolonged consequences of PCP, it may be fitting for a PCP addict to enter into detox in order to be ready for all the withdrawal symptoms. PCP rehab facilities can provide the necessary therapy or counseling to help an addict adjust to life without PCP.
An addict sometimes uses PCP to escape from other deeply-rooted emotional trauma. Successful rehab plans must deal with the underlying causes that created the drug problems in the first place, or there will be a higher chance of relapse. Depression, career instability, traumatic life experiences or financial worries could all potentially contribute to psychedelic drug addiction. It is important to rectify these problems while undergoing behavior therapy. It is easy for recovering PCP addicts to get traumatized and relapse back to their drug habits.
What is the Extent of PCP Use?
In the US in the 1980s, surveys concluded that 13% of high school students experimented with Phencyclidine. This number dropped to 3% by 1990. In 2008, another US survey indicated that 6-7 million people over the age of 12 had used PCP: this accounted for 2-3% of the adult population. 99,000 of these admitted to using PCP the year before. This figure has decreased from 2007, when it was at approximately 137,000. But, according to another source, this statistic jumped up again to 122,000 in 2009.
In 2008, there were an estimated 37,000 emergency PCP victims alone in the US. This represented a significant increase when compared to the 2007 numbers, which were about 28,000 cases. Between 2002 and 2006, only 39 PCP labs were uncovered. The number of seized labs is decreasing annually as indicated from 2003 to 2007 data. 32 of those 39 labs were located in California, 17 of which were based in Los Angeles. In 2009, US law enforcement agencies submitted approximately 4,500 PCP exhibits to forensic laboratories. This indicator was an increase compared to both 2007 and 2008 data, which were nearly 3,900 and 4,500 cases respectively.