What is Oxycodone?
Description of Oxycodone?
In attempts to correct the chemical impurities found in the organic compound thebaine, German drug companies needed to improve the manufacturing process. Pharmaceutical researchers synthesized Oxycodone from thebaine. From acute to moderate pain medicines like Tylox and Percocet, oxycodone remains its active ingredient that gives these medicines its potency. Perocodan also combines oxycodone in very small doses alongside aspirin to get the desired pain-reliving effect. Osycontin remains on top as the most popular prescription opiate. This oxycodone formula has various strengths. The smallest dose starts off at 10mg. People who need more relief can go as high as 80mg. Oxycontin was made for serious pain relief. Patients with chronic pain, cancer, or arthritis need a twelve-hour, feel-good and go on with your day pill. The drug was not made to be shot up or snorted, like most addicts do.
What is the Scientific Name of Oxycodone?Oxycodone Hydrochloride
What is the Chemical Formula of Oxycodone?C18H21NO4
What is the Origin of Oxycodone?
Oxycodone was first successfully made in the mid-1910s. About a year or two afterwards, German-medical researchers started human clinical testing. Oxycodone abuse soared in the 1960s and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime consequently classified it as a dangerous drug included in The Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Ordinance of 1960. Starting in the European medical community and subsequently adopted worldwide, oxycodone is recognized as an effective pain reliever. In attempts to rely less on the opiate-based chemical, Companies are trying to mix other pain-relieving chemicals into their medications. Phenacetin and acetaminophen have been effective for everyday pain relief.
Abuse in the United States has been an ongoing problem since the early 1960s also. This prompted the United States Government to classify Oxycodone as a Schedule II drug. Until 1995, when the Food and Drug Administration approved OxyContin, there was little worry about the abuse of oxycodone prescriptions. The following year, when manufacturers of OxyContin began to market and distribute the drug, reports of illegal use and abuse began to skyrocket. Initially, drug abuse treatment centers, law enforcement personnel, and pharmacists in Maine, West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Kentucky, and Maryland reported increases in OxyContin abuse. Now, the abuse of this prescription opiate has expanded throughout the United States.
What is the Legal Status of Oxycodone in the US?
Oxycodone is a Schedule II Drug.
What are the Common Street Names of Oxycodone?
- Orange County
- Poor Man’s Heroin
- Hillbilly Heroin
How is Oxycodone Used?
Oxycodone products can be administered on the site of pain with intramuscular-injection directly into a damaged muscle. Some recreational opiate abusers take it intravenously: injection into the blood stream creates intense euphoria. Subcutaneous-injection under the skin has a similar rush. Rectal suppositories are popular in prisons as they are harder to find. In addition, oral-consumption with tablets is prevalent for the recently opiate-addicted users. Each drug ingestion process takes a different amount of time to make the user feel “high”.
How Long Does Oxycodone Stay in Your System?
OxyContin are normally manufactured by large drug companies in tablet form. People typically take them orally. A normal dosage can remain effective for up to 12 hours. These opiod antagonists are the longest-extended-release opiate product on the market. In the mid-1990s, Purdue Pharmaceuticals patented the drug and brand name OxyContin. They initially released 10 and 20mg pills. Patients with severe chronic pain requested higher doses so 40 and 80mg tablets were later put into production. Oxycodone is also added in acute to moderate pain-medications: Tylox, Primlev, and Percocet. These opiate concentrations are 2-5mg per dose. In the early 2000s, the same company released the highest dose extended release drug, with a surprising 160mg per pill concentration. The timed-release-coated OxyContin pill carries proportionally higher amounts of oxycodone for a once-a-day dose. Addicts bypass the superfluous pill exterior by chewing them. Some users crush them and break the time-release seal: it makes one dose shoot up to 160 mg at one time. The pleasant feeling of oxycodone starts to manifest within ten to sixty minutes: it depends on the way the opiate addict prepares his or her drug. The euphoric feeling sometimes goes on for 4-8 hours.
(Stay in Blood)
Opiate chemicals can be traced in blood up to 24 hours after taking the pill. Oxycodone and its major metabolites are measured in blood to test for opiate abuse. To confirm an analysis of poisoning or overdose, a patient’s opiate concentration is accurate up to 4 days of his or her last ingestion. If law or forensics investigation deems necessary, hair samples can measure 90 days of a person’s drug history.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Oxycodone Use?
What are the Short-Term Effects of Oxycodone Use on the Body? of Oxycodone?
- Vein Damage
- Visual Hallucination
- Decrease in Pupil Size
- Fast or Slow Heartbeat
- Difficulty Breathing
- Red Eyes
- Difficulty Swallowing
- Dry Mouth
- Respiratory Depression
- Loss of Appetite
- Slowed Breathing
- Loss of Consciousness
- Pain Relief
- Papillary Constriction
- Auditory Hallucination
What are the Short-Term Effects of Oxycodone Use on Behavior?
- Feelings of Muscle Relaxation
- Lessen Anxiety
- Mood Changes
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Long-Term Oxycodone Addiction?
What are the Long-Term Effects of Oxycodone Use on the Body?
- Respiratory Arrest
- Limp or Weak Muscles
- Clammy Skin
- Excessive Sleepiness
- Dental Problems
- Slow or Stopped Heartbeat
- Respiratory Failure
- High Level of Tolerance to Oxycodone
- Reduction in Heart Rate
- Difficulty Breathing or Slowed or Stopped Breathing
- Increase or Decrease in Pupil Size
- Loss of Consciousness or Coma
- Reduction in Blood Pressure
What are the Long-Term Effects of Oxycodone Use on Behavior?
- Erratic Mood Swings
- Lack of motivation, Lethargic Tendencies
- Excessive Paranoia
How to diagnose if you are Addicted to Oxycodone?
- Extremely Large or Small pupils
- Changes in Eating Habits (Leading to Significant Weight Loss or Gain)
- Changes in Sleeping Patterns (Whether the Person is sleeping a lot More, a lot Less, having Trouble Sleeping or Staying in Bed much Later than Usual)
- Foul Smells
- Impaired Coordination
- Bloodshot Eyes
- Lack of Attention to Hygiene
- Lack of Attention to Appearance
- Excessive Shaking
- Slurred Speech
- Being Secretive about Activities
- Bouts of Mania (Such as Getting Extremely Giddy and Energetic for brief periods of time and then Crashing and Feeling Depressed)
- Losing Interest in Old Favorite Hobbies
- Failing to Perform up to Standard at Work or School
- Antagonizing or Alienating Family Members (who Disapprove Drug Use)
- Mood Swings or a Volatile Temper
- Ignoring or Alienating Old Friends (who Disapprove Drug Use)
- Having many Unexplained Absences
- Financial Problems (Lead to Borrowing or Stealing Money from Friends and Family)
What are the Withdrawal Effects of Oxycodone?
- Muscle or Joint Aches or Pains
- Difficulty Falling Asleep or Staying Asleep
- Runny Nose
- Fast Heartbeat
- Other Flu like Symptoms
- Loss of Appetite
- Fast Breathing
- Muscle Pain
- Watery Eyes
How is Oxycodone Addiction Treated?
The best way to treat oxycodone addiction is to find the right treatment option. For most patients, the first step is using detox medication. Addicts originally with legitimate oxycodone prescriptions for chronic or serious pain relief are advised against stopping drug use abruptly. Rather than going cold turkey, oxycodone use should be progressively reduced until the drug is safely removed. One detox strategy that shows a lot of promise for some Oxycodone-addicted patients is treatment using naltrexone. As an antagonist, it reduces the effectiveness of the opiate drug and makes it easier for the body to readjust. With excellent social feedback, these detox options show great efficacy. When patients are genuinely interested in participating in treatment programs and have started necessary detoxification for oxycodone abuse. An outpatient rehab plan works for a large portion of recovering addicts battling oxycodone abuse problems. They use agonist medication treatment, with naloxone, or a partial agonist, such as suboxone, to displace oxycodone’s effects. US rehab centers as widely use methadone as another possible agonist drug for oxycodone addiction treatment. Other viable detox options with FDA-approval are buprenorphine-based prescriptions. These drugs prevent the users from experiencing the “high” sensation and over time relieve physical discomforts stemming from withdrawals: this is one way to stop opiate cravings. Due to these antagonistic characteristics, buprenorphine is occasionally used by serious opiate junkies as a preventative safeguard from dangerous overdoses of oxycodone or other opiates. Opiate abusers with oxycodone dependence and lasting diseases, like diabetes or ALS, are healthier again after going through buprenorphine treatment.
What is the Extent of Oxycodone Use?
According to the International Narcotics Control Board, sources assessed that the United States was the world’s largest consumer of oxycodone per capita from 2006 to 2008. While an insignificant sample size has made it difficult to calculate the exact number of men and women who are hooked on oxycodone, it is acknowledged that Oxycodone addiction is one of the hardest forms of dependency to overcome. The US Department of Health and Human Services estimates about 11 million people in the US will consume a minimum of one dose of Oxycodone in a non-medically-prescribed way each year. In the United States, approximately 100,000 men and women are admitted to hospitals for the overdose of painkillers, such as oxycodone.
Oxycodone abuse occurs in individuals from all ages groups. A growing oxycodone trend is happening among low to lower–middle classes. This may be due to greater accessibility of the drug and more opportunities to abuse it.