What is Opium?
What is the Origin of Opium?
The use of opium is not a new thing. The history of opium used dates back to Neolithic times, when the drug was used mostly for anesthetic and occasionally ritualistic purposes. Both the Indians and the Romans used opium for surgical procedures. In ancient Egypt opium was also used as a pain reliever. Opium use is mentioned in medical documents that date back to the time of Dioscorides, Galen, and Avicenna that state that it was used as an analgesic to stop pain during procedures.
The Chinese used opium in many different ways. Back in the 15th and 17th centuries, opium was used for recreational purposes throughout China. It took almost 300 years for the Chinese to realize that smoking opium regularly and recreationally actually was dangerous and could lead to addiction. But even after this was realized by the Chinese people, many still continued to use the drug.
Opium became such a problem for the Chinese emperor, and in his attempt to stop the delivery of opium into the country the Opium Wars were sparked in the 1800s. However, the two separate opium wars in 1839 and 1858 still did not stop the production or shipping of opium into the country. By the early 1900s, one in four Chinese men smoked opium regularly.
Opium and its various derivatives were actually used during the American Civil War. Derived directly from the opium poppy, opioids, morphine, and synthetic opiates are used in the medical field today. Opium has been manipulated to meet the needs of patients in modern medicine today. Morphine, which is extracted form opium, is one of the most widely used analgesic drugs today.
The International Opium Commission was formed in 1909 in an attempt to regulate the shipping, sale, and use of opium. This was done because of the dangerous affects that were related to the regular use of the drug. At the time, opium was being used by purifying it and turning it into morphine and heroin. These drugs were both highly potent and powerful analgesic drugs, which actually proved to be even more dangerous than the raw opium alone. In the 20th century, great measures have been taken to prohibit opium from many countries to help keep the drug out of the hands of the wrong users.
What is the Legal Status of Opium in the US?
The drug opium is currently considered a Schedule II Drug in the US.
What are the common street names of Opium?
- Hard stuff
- Black Russian
- Pin yen
- Chinese tobacco
- Pin gon
- Yen Shee Suey
- Black hash
- Gum, Chocolate
- Dopium, Toxy
- Dover’s powder
- Big O
- Joy plant
- Indonesian bud
- Guma, Black
- Chinese molasses
- God’s medicine
- Easing powder
- Midnight oil
- Pen yan
- Dream gun
- Great tobacco
How is Methadone Used?
Opium is usually smoked in a pipe on its own. Similarly to heroin, opium can be heated on a sheet of tinfoil to inhale the fumes. Opium can also be eaten like food, or brewed into a tea for a drink.
How Long Does Opium Stay in Your System?
The amount of time that opium actually stays in your system depends entirely on how much was taken and how it was taken. Opium produces a euphoric feeling that hits almost immediately when it’s smoked. This rush is often followed by feelings of drowsiness and overall relaxation. People like using opium because it eliminates any feelings of pain. These feelings can last up to 12 hours.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Opium Use?
What are the Short-Term Effects of Opium Use on the Body?
- Slower breathing
- Impaired judgment
- Sluggish mobility
What are the Short-Term Effects of Opium Use on Behavior?
- Calm demeanor
- Ignoring responsibilities
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Long-Term Opium Addiction?
What are the Long-Term Effects of Opium Use on the Body?
- Severe weight loss
- Physical Dependence
- Memory Loss
- Lung Cancer
- Liver Disease
- Impaired mobility
What are the Long-Term Effects of Opium Use on Behavior?
- Impaired motor skills
- Mood swings
- Inability to concentrate
How to diagnose if you are Addicted to Opium?
When a person is addicted to opium, experiencing the high that comes from using it becomes the most important things for the user. Nothing can replace the feeling obtained through drug use. This desire becomes compulsive quickly, causing the user to go through any means necessary to experience the high despite any negative consequences. This type of addict often loses motivation and ambition for pursuing healthy endeavors like a blossoming career, a satisfying relationships, and success in school. All that matters is their next high. A person who is addicted to opium often loses control of their life.
Sign of Opium Abuse:
- Preoccupation with opium
- Frequently using or increasing the amount taken
- No concern about physical appearance
- Preoccupation with the amount of opium in possession
- Disinterest in food
- Inability to keep a job or meet obligations
- Social withdrawal
- No concern about personal hygiene
- Suicidal tendencies
- Preoccupation with access to opium
- Preoccupation with the Ability to Access Opium
What are the Withdrawal Effects of Opium?
- Mood swings
- Loss of appetite
- Aching bones
- Runny nose
- Muscle soreness
How is Opium Addiction Treated?
Addiction is a real disease and finding a treatment solution can be expensive and time consuming. The only way beat opium addiction is to establish an individual treatment program for yourself or your loved one. Everyone handles addiction differently; therefore every addict will need a treatment program that caters to their specific needs. A part from picking the right treatment options, you need to pick the right treatment center. Since the risk of relapse is high for opium addicts, it’s important to have these two aspects set up properly.
After choosing the right treatment center and treatment plan, an addict will probably have to go through detoxification as the first step of recovery. Detoxing from opium will get the drug out of a person’s system, but it will not prevent the person from using in the future. That’s why they will need to go through the recovery process after detox. Recovery should last for at least 21 days and can be extended for as long as 90 days if needed. During this time, the addict will be learning how to resist the temptation to use the opium drug again.
Opium rehab typically includes individualized counseling with a licensed psychologist and additional treatments that build on that basic therapy. An addict can receive treatment through an inpatient facility or outpatient facility. They can also choose a self-directed treatment program by picking a private practitioner and following a less formal treatment program. Opium dependency and addiction is not easy to beat without the help of professional treatment. Most opium addicts need a long stay in professional treatment to achieve long-term sobriety.
Common types of treatments offered at opium rehabilitation centers:
- Individualized Therapy
- Integrated Psychiatric Care
- Alternative Therapies (Such as Hypnotherapy, Art therapy, and Music therapy)
- Group Therapy
- Life Skills Development
- Health Counseling
- Nutritional Counseling
Whether its opium or another drug, it’s typically very challenging for an addict to change their bad habits in 21 or 30 days. The people who enter intensive treatment need as much time as possible in a supportive environment before branching out on their own. The experts agree that the longer an addict stays in rehab, the fewer incidences of relapse occur. A 90-day stay in a residential facility is considered the best option for opium addiction treatment by the drug rehabilitation industry.
Anyone with a history of relapsing is encouraged to stay in intensive treatment longer. An extended treatment program is also recommended for people who are addicted to multiple drugs or have previous physical or mental conditions. The extra time makes it easier for recovering addicts to develop stronger defenses to the problems and situations that would trigger their drug use. They want this to happen before they go back into the “real world”.
Even though the intensive treatment program ends, it doesn’t mean that addiction treatment is over for the addict. Long-term sobriety depends entirely on the recovering addict finding enough good support outside of the facility. 12-step programs offer ongoing group therapy and support for people who are battling these same problems.
What is the Extent of Opium Use?
In a study held by the Research Version of the Structured Clinical Interview in 2003, it was found that of the 3,840 people surveyed, ages 15 and older, 689 admitted to opium use at least once in their lifetime. This was 28.4% men and 7.4% women. Ever and current opium use had no reflection on marital status. Both ever and opium use spanned across occupational, educational, and financial spectrums. It was found that first use usually occurred before age 40 and that current use extended across all age groups.