What is Methadone?
Description of Methadone?
Methadone is a narcotic based synthetic painkiller that is prescribed for medically related pain relief or used to treat heroin addiction. Methadone can be used to counteract the effects of opiates because it blocks opiate receptors in the brain. Despite being use for addiction treatment, some people can become addicted to methadone as well, though any prescribed use of it is considered illicit. The drug is produces by several pharmaceutical companies and is available in the form of pills, or a white crystalline powder that can be dissolved for oral solutions or injectable forms. The drug works similar to other pain relievers, such as morphine, though prescribed doses cause the effects to be more gradual and mild than morphine in an attempt to discourage getting high and developing an addiction. Most of the methadone sold on the black market was produced legitimately and then diverted or stolen for illicit uses.
What is the Scientific Name of Methadone?
What is the Chemical Formula of Methadone?C21H27NO
What is the Origin of Methadone?
An earlier form of the drug, known as polamidon, was created by German scientists Max Bockmuhl and Gustav Ehrhart working for I.G. Farbenkonzern pharmaceutical laboratories in 1939 during research to produce a pain reliever that was not as addictive as morphine. During World War II, a different team of German scientist expanded on that research, due to dwindling supplies of morphine. After the war, when the drug was introduced in the United States, it was given the name methadone and widely used as a pain reliever to treat many medical conditions.
What is the Legal Status of Methadone in the US?
Methadone is a Schedule II Drug.
What are the Common Street Names of Methadone?
- Buzz Bomb
- Jungle Juice
- Red Rock
- Tootsie Roll
How is Methadone Used?
Methadone is typically taken orally either with pills, powder, or in liquid solutions for the treatment of opiate addiction or for pain relief. Pills of the drug contain about 40 milligrams of methadone. Injectable forms of the drug are also sometimes used in hospitals and treatment facilities.
How Long Does Methadone Stay in Your System?
A normal prescribed dose can last between 24 to 36 hours because of its long lasting properties, which results in less frequent need for administration. However, if taken in a non-prescribed fashion, this long lasting effects will be compounded with each increase of dosage.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Methadone Use
What are the Short-Term Effects of Methadone Use on the Body?
- Decreased Blood Pressure
- Dry Eyes
- Dry Mouth
- Itchy Skin
- Pupil Contraction
- Reduces Pain
- Severe Sweating
- Sexual Dysfunction
- Slowed Breathing
- Urinary Difficulty
What are the Short-Term Effects of Methadone Use on Behavior?
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Methadone Use?
What are the Long-Term Effects of Methadone Use on the Body?
- Lung Problems
- Pain in the Bones
- Respiratory Problems
- Small Pinpoint Pupils
- Teeth Problems
What are the Long-Term Effects of Methadone Use on Behavior?
- Compulsive Behavior
- Disruptive Behavior
- Uncontrolled Behavior
How to diagnose if you are Addicted to Methadone?
There are several psychological or behaviors signs of methadone addiction:
- Borrowing or Stealing Money
- Disregard for Appearance
- Distancing Loved Ones
- Increased Absences or Tardiness at Work or School
- Irrational Anger
- Lack of Personal Hygiene
- Loss of Interest in Hobbies
- Mood Swings
- Neglecting Responsibilities at School, Work or Home
- Secretive Behavior
What are the Withdrawal Effects of Methadone?
- Abdominal Cramps
- Increased Heart Rate
- Intense Cravings
- Mood Swings
- Muscle Aches
- Runny Nose
- Suicidal Thoughts
How is Methadone Addiction Treated?
Methadone is widely used to prevent opiate addiction as well as treat many other associated withdrawal symptoms, however it can also become physically addictive when abused. Fortunately the withdrawal symptoms associated with methadone are not as common or as severe as they are with heroin, so it can still be safely used in a controlled setting and treated relatively easily if addiction does form. Most rehabilitation for methadone addiction focuses on behavioral therapy to address the psychological dependency that can also form from prolonged use.
What is the Extent of Methadone Use?
Currently about 120,000 people are prescribed Methadone to help control heroin addiction, however, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in a statement in 2012, methadone accounts for approximately a third of all deaths associated with opioids. According to medical examiner reports compiled in 2004 by the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics there were nearly 4,000 deaths caused by Methadone of which approximately 82% were described as accidental.