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What is Bath Salts?

Bath Salts
  • Description of Bath Salts?

    Psychoactive bath salts or PABS are a type of designer drug that has gain recent notoriety due to reports of radical intoxicated behavior from emergency facilities throughout the US. Despite their innocuous sounding name, the drugs bath salts are not connected to the correspondingly named hygiene products, though their crystalline form is similar in appearance. PABS are stimulants that affect the central nervous system by inhibiting the norepinephrine-dopamine receptor system, which can result in serious, and even deadly reactions. There is a large variety of ingredient that can be used to make bath salts, but methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is the most common. Other stimulants occasionally used include methylone, mephedrone, pipradrol, and pyrovalerone. MDPV is part of the phenethylamine class of drugs.   MDPV is chemically similar to cathinone, which is a common ingredient in methamphetamines. Bath salts and the associated ingredients have been discovered to have a high risk for overdose.

  • What is the Scientific Name of Bath Salts?

    Methylenedioxypyrovalerone
  • What is the Chemical Formula of Bath Salts?

    C16H21NO3

What is the Origin of Bath Salts?

Synthetic cathinones, such as MDPV, mephedrone, and methylone, were first synthesized in the 1928-29 in Germany. The drugs remained relatively unknown until the late 2000s when they were discovered again by illegal underground chemists who began to use them in the production of designer drugs since the ingredients were still legal in most places. Between 2009 and 2010 there was a substantial increase in the abuse of MDPV and mephedrone in the form of bath salts. The wave of abuse started in the United Kingdom but quickly spread to mainland Europe, and the United States. Initially, bath salts were not considered illegal in the US, so they were openly sold in many small independent stores such as smoke shops and readily available for purchase online. The lack of regulations in many cases made it easier to obtain bath salts than alcohol or cigarettes.

What is the US Drug Schedule of Bath Salts?

Bath Salts is a Schedule I Drug.

What are the Common Street Names of Bath Salts?

  • Bliss
  • Bloom
  • Blue Silk
  • Charge Plus
  • Cloud Nine
  • Drone
  • Energy-1
  • Hurricane Charlie
  • Ivory Wave
  • Jewelry Cleaner
  • Lunar Wave
  • Meow Meow
  • Monkey Dust
  • Ocean Burst
  • Ocean Snow
  • Phone Screen Cleaner
  • Plant Fertilizer
  • Plant Food
  • Pure Ivory
  • Purple Sky
  • Purple Wave
  • Red Dove
  • Scarface
  • Sextasy
  • Snow Leopard
  • Stardust
  • Vanilla Sky
  • White Dove
  • White Lightening
  • White Night
  • White Rush
  • Zoom

How is Bath Salts Used?

Bath Salts

Bath salts are most often snorted by users, but they can also be ingested, smoked, and dissolved for injection. The most intense effects are produced when bath salts are snorted or injected.

Long Does Bath Salts Stay in Your System?

Reports indicate that bath salts effects can last upwards of 8 hours when injected or snorted. When taken, bath salts are absorbed rapidly, peaking between 1 to 2 hours, followed by a sudden and hard fall.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Bath Salts Use?

  • What are the Short-Term Effects of Bath Salts Use on the Body?

    • Chest Pain
    • Death
    • Dilated Pupils
    • Hallucinations
    • Headache
    • Hypertension
    • Increase Body Temperature
    • Increase Pulse Rate
    • Muscle Tension
    • Nosebleeds
    • Seizures
    • Self-Mutilation
    • Sleep Disturbance
  • What are the Short-Term Effects of Bath Salts Use on Behavior?

    • Alertness
    • Anxiety
    • Delusions
    • Euphoria
    • Extreme Aggression
    • Homicidal Activity
    • Paranoia
    • Psychosis
    • Severe Panic Attacks
    • Suicide Attempts

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Long-Term Bath Salts Addiction?

  • What are the Long-Term Effects of Bath Salts Use on the Body?

    • Hallucinations
    • Kidney Failure
    • Liver Failure
    • Loss of Bowel Control
    • Rhabdomyolysis
  • What are the Long-Term Effects of Bath Salts Use on Behavior?

    • Aggression
    • Psychotic Delusions
    • Suicidal Thoughts
    • Suicidal Attempts

How to diagnose if you are Addicted to Bath Salts?

Due to intense euphoric highs followed by extreme low down feelings and overwhelming cravings for several hours to days thereafter, it is incredibly easy to become addicted to bath salts.  People under the influence of bath salts will often report being stimulated physically, mentally and sexually.

What are the Withdrawal Effects of Bath Salts?

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Anxiety
  • Bloodshot Eyes
  • Depression
  • Headache
  • Jaw Clenching
  • Kidney Pain
  • Lethargy
  • Lightheadedness
  • Teeth Grinding
  • Weakness

How is Bath Salts Addiction Treated?

Patients who overdose on bath salts will need to be admitted to an intensive care unit, and will likely require the use of intravenous sedatives, antipsychotics, restraints, and/or other protective measures to ensure the safety of the patient and health care professionals. The same may also be required during the detox process.  During the rehabilitation process, patients will need treatment for psychological disorders such as psychotic delusions that often develop from exposure to bath salts.  Following that it is important they receive education on the extreme dangers of taking bath salts, as well as behavioral therapy to change their habits.

What is the Extent of Bath Salts Use?

It is unknown how widespread bath salts use is in the United States, though the DEA reports that dramatic increases of illicit MDPV use have been noted in the US, Europe and Australia. In the US, the drugs were first reported sparsely in 2009, but by March, 2011 poison control centers in 45 states and the District of Columbia have all received calls related to bath salts. US poison control centers received five times as many calls pertaining to bath salts in the first 3 months of 2011 as compared to the total number of calls in 2010.  Prior to a federal ban, many states enacted laws banning bath salts and their ingredients stemming from sharp increases in emergency room visits caused by the drugs.

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