What are Amphetamines?
Description of Amphetamines
Amphetamines are a highly potent group of drugs that includes Levoamphetamine, Dextroamphetamine, Lisdexamfetamine, and Methamphetamine. These psychoactive drugs stimulate the central nervous system. Amphetamines are not the same as Methamphetamine, although they are very similar and people often confuse the two drugs.
Doctors sometimes will prescribe medication that contains amphetamines with brand names such as DextroStat©, Desoxyn©, Dexedrine©, Adderall©. These drugs are commonly used to treat conditions such as obesity, ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), and narcolepsy.
The chemical structure of amphetamine can be changed, and may alternately act as a CNS (Central Nervous System) stimulant or an appetite suppressant. It also modifies cardiovascular actions for certain medications, like Methylphenidate (commonly known as Concerta© or Ritalin©), Phenmetrazine Fenfluramine, or Diethylproprion.
What is the Scientific Name of Amphetamines?The scientific name for Amphetamines is Methylated Phenylethylamine
What is the Chemical Formula of Amphetamines?C9H13N
What is the Origin of Amphetamines?
What is the Legal Status of Amphetamines in the US?
What are the Common Street Names of Amphetamines?
- Black Pep
- Black Mollies
- Blue Mollies
- Blue Pep
- Boot Ups
- Coast to Coast
- Cross Tops
- Eye Openers
- Eye Poppers
- Fast Lightening
- Get Ups
- Jelly Beans
- Lid Openers
- Lid Poppers
- Pick Me Ups
- Red Pep
- Road Dope
- Super Jellies
- Truck Drivers
- Wake Me Ups
- Wake Ups
How are Amphetamines Used?
Amphetamine, as well as its counterpart methamphetamine, is either smoked, taken as a pill, snorted after being crushed, or injected intravenously after being dissolved in water.
The more potent form of the drug, methamphetamine, comes in the form of clear or semi-clear crystalline rocks, which are usually called ‘Ice’ or ‘Glass’. Glass and Ice are usually smoked in a glass pipe. When meth users inhale the vaporized drug through a glass pipe, it is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, without the dangers associated with needles and injections.
Powdered methamphetamine is called crystal meth and is usually injected, inhaled, or consumed orally.
Over the past decades, the way in which the drug is ingested has changed. In 1993, snorting was the most popular method of administration at 42%, followed by injection, smoking, tablets or capsules, and other methods. In 2003, smoking was the most frequently used route of administration (56%) followed by injection, inhalation, and oral. Research suggests this change is due to the regulation of the methamphetamine production precursor chemicals (ephedrine and pseudoephedrine) which has greatly reduced access to those chemicals.
How Long Do Amphetamines Stay in Your System?
Depending upon the dosage, the effects of Amphetamine can remain in the body for up to 4 hours or more, depending upon various factors including the type of Amphetamine that was taken.
Both cocaine and amphetamine have similar effects on the body, because both drugs induce a heightened state of euphoria as well as greatly increasing alertness. But, cocaine affects the body physiologically for only an hour, while amphetamines can last 4 hours or more.
Many people who use amphetamines often mix them with alcohol or other drugs, which can amplify the effects of alertness as well as increased energy levels. However, mixing stimulant drugs together with depressants, like alcohol, can lead to extremely dangerous side effects like myocardial infarction (heart attack) or even a stroke. Additionally, due to the increased senses of empowerment, well-being, and euphoria causes many users to over consume excessive quantities of alcohol, which has its own dangers, well.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Short-Term Amphetamines Use?
What are the Short-Term Effects of Amphetamines Use on the Body?
- Altered Sexual Behavior
- Cardiovascular System Failure
- Decreased Appetite
- Decreased Drowsiness
- Decreased Fatigue
- Dilated Pupils
- Dry Mouth
- Heightened Alertness
- Heightened Sense of Well-Being
- High Body Temperature
- Increased Activity
- Increased Diastolic Blood Pressure
- Increased Respiration
- Increased Systolic Blood Pressure
- Increased Talkativeness
- Irregular or Increased Heart Rate
- Shallow Breathing
- Tremor and Twitching of Small Muscles
What are the Short-Term Effects of Amphetamines Use on Behavior?
- Lowering of Social Inhibitions
- Unrealistic Feelings of Cleverness
- Unrealistic Feeling of Great Competence
- Unrealistic Feeling of Great Power
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Long-Term Amphetamines Addiction?
What are the Long-Term Effects of Amphetamines Use on the Body?
- Breathing Difficulty
- Cardiac Arrhythmias
- Changes in Mental State
- Flush Skin
- Loss of Coordination
- Mental illness
- Pale Skin Vitamin Deficiency
- Physical Collapse
- Pounding Heartbeat
- Repetitive Motor Activity
- Skin Disorders
- Toxic Psychosis
What are the Long-Term Effects of Amphetamines Use on Behavior?
- Behavioral Disorder
- Mood Changes
How to diagnose if someone is Addicted to Amphetamines?
- Auditory Hallucinations
- Erratic Behavior
- Picking at the Skin
- Schizophrenia like Psychosis
- Violent Behavior
- Visual Hallucinations
What are the Withdrawal Effects of Amphetamines?
- Auditory Hallucinations
- Cardiac arrest
- Discomfort in the Stomach
- Drug Cravings for Amphetamine
- Excessive Hunger
- Extreme Mood Swings
- Hypersensitivity to Light
- Hypersensitivity to Sound
- Lack of Coordination
- Realistic Nightmares
- Schizophrenia like Psychosis
- Sensory Misperception
- Suicidal Tendencies